THE principle of subjectivism entering into human thought and action, while necessarily it must make a great difference in the view-point, the motive-power and the character of our living, does not at first appear to make any difference in its factors. Subjectivism and objectivism start from the same data, the individual and the collectivity; the complex nature of each with its various powers of the mind, life and body and the search for the law of their self-fulfilment and harmony. But objectivism proceeding by the analytical reason takes an external and mechanical view of the whole problem. It looks at the world as a thing, an object, a process, to be studied by an observing reason which places itself abstractly outside the elements and the sum of what it has to consider and observes it thus from outside as one would an intricate mechanism. The laws of this process are considered as so many mechanical rules or settled forces acting upon the individual or the group which, when they have been observed and distinguished by the reason, have by one’s will or by some will to be organized and applied fully much as Science applies the laws it discovers. These laws or rules have to be imposed on the individual by this own abstract reason and will isolated as a ruling authority from his other parts or by the reason and will of other individuals or of the group, and they have to be imposed on the group itself either by its own collective reason and will embodied in some machinery of control which the mid considers as something apart from the life of the group or by the reason and will of some other group external to it or of which it is in some way a part. So the State is viewed in modern political thought as an entity in itself, as if it were something apart from the community and individuals, something which has the right to impose itself on them and control them in the fulfillment of some idea of right, good or interest which is inflicted on them by a restraining and fashioning power  rather than developed in them and by them as a thing towards which their self and nature are impelled to grow. Life is to be managed, harmonised and perfected by an adjustment, a manipulation, a machinery through which it is passed and by which it is shaped. A law outside oneself,--outside even when it is discovered or determined by the individual reason and accepted or enforced by the individual will,-this is the governing idea of objectivism; a mechanical process of management, ordering, perfection, this is its conception of practice.

Subjectivism proceeds from within and regards everything from the point of view of a continuing and developing self-consciousness. The law here is within ourselves; life is a se1f-creating process, a growth and development at first subconscious, then ha1f-conscious and at last more and more fully conscious of that which we are potentially and hold within ourselves; the principle of its progress is an increasing self-recognition, se1f-realisation and a resultant self-shaping. Reason and Will are only effective movements of the self, reason a process in se1f-recognition, will a force for self-affirmation and se1f-shaping. Moreover, reason and intellectual will are only a part of the means by which we recognise and realise ourselves. Subjectivism tends to take a large and complex view of our nature and being and to reognise many powers of knowledge, many forces of effectuation. Even, we see it in its first movement away from the external and objective method discount and belittle the importance of the work of the reason and assert the supremacy of the life-impulse or the essential will-to-be in opposition to the claims of the intellect or else affirm some deeper power of knowledge, called nowadays intuition, which sees things in the whole, in their truth, in their profundities and harmonies while intellectual reason breaks up, falsifies, affirms superficial, appearances and harmonises only mechanical adjustment. But substantially we can see that what is meant by this 1intuition is the self-consciousness, feeling, perceiving, grasping in its substance and aspects rather than analysing in its mechanism its own truth and nature and powers. The whole impulse of subjectivism is to get at the self, to live in the self, to see by the self, to live out the truth of the self internally and externally but always from an internal initiation and centre. 1

1 The Human Cycle, "The Objective and Subjective Views of Life", Chapter II, pp. 67-9.